HELEN'S BLOG   Dance History :

ポワントワークの歴史とトゥシューズがどのように進化していったのでしょう?(パート1)The history of dancing on pointe. Part 1

2011/01/23 at 17:37PM by Helen

(Scroll down for English)








Why do ballerinas  dance on the tips of their toes? Some insight into the history of pointe work and the development of pointe shoes will help students understand what they are doing. Better understanding leads to better dancing!

400 year ago when ballets were first performed the audience was higher than the stage, looking down on the dancers. They couldn't really see the dancers' feet...and only men were allowed to perform.

Stages changed, the performers were on a raised platform and the audience could see their feet.

330 years ago the first women were allowed to dance but their costumes were big and cumbersome.

280 years ago in Paris Marie Camargo introduced a new step, the entrechat. She shortened her skirts so that people could see her feet and she removed the heels from her shoes so that she could jump higher.

220 years ago "flying machines" (wires) in London theatres helped ballerinas to dance on their toes.

200 years ago dancers were busy improving their pirouettes and jumps, and trying to find ways to stand on their toes without wires. They could do it but their effort was very obvious to the audience.

180 years ago Marie Taglioni, after rigorous training with her father, made her debut in Paris dancing on pointe in a way that looked effortless, and was an integral part of the choreography, not just a tricks added to the dances.

Taglioni's performance in La Syphide is considered the beginning of the Romantic period in dance. Romantic ballerinas danced on pointe to portray ethereal and other-worldly creatures. They appeared weightless and able to fly.

Dancers were improving their technique as shoemakers were improving the shoes.
130 years ago Pierina Legnani performed 32 fouettes on pointe in Swan Lake.

Part 2 next blog...next week!

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